Maha Bhairav temple in Assam
The famous temple of Mahabhairab located atop a hillock on the northern part of Tezpur town in Assam is a magnificent landmark and adds a magnetic charm and beauty to this enchantingly beautiful town.
Significance of the Temple The Mahabhairav Temple is located at Tezpur which is believed to have been built by prehistoric monarch Bana who is said to have first introduced the cult of the Phallus and the worship of Siva to Assam. The history of this great Maha Bhairav temple, which is being visited by devotees from all over India, can be traced back to the age of the Puranas. As per the legends it is said that Banasura, the demon king, who had his capital at Tezpur, first introduced the ‘Linga’ worship. Inside the temple of Mahabhairav there is perhaps one of the largest stone-phallus or Shiva Linga in the entire world, which is said to have been set up by Banasura.
The archeologists however today, believe that the temple was built sometime during 8th to 10th century AD by the kings of the Salasthamba dynasty. That originally there was a stone temple is evident from the huge pillars scattered all around the temple. But here the original temple was destroyed by the ravages of time. It was however, rebuilt by successive kings and rulers, until it was heavily damaged by the catastrophic earthquake of 1897.
The present structure of this Maha Bhairav temple was built sometime in the early part of the present century by a great devotee and monk Sri Swayambar Bharati who is popularly known as “Naga Baba”. After a few years, another monk called Sri Mahadeo Bharati built the “Nat Mandir” close to the temple. After a few years another devotee built the cement-concrete idols of Ganesh and Hanuman as “Dwarpaals” in front of the temple.
Since then there are developmental works of the temple which had been somewhat sluggish although not completely stopped, one major work being the exquisitely carved ornamental front pieces of the main entrance gate of the temple by a local artist, Sri Joy Das.
The façade of the temple has been re-adorned and interiors renovated. A surrounding wall is in the process of being built in order to protect the precincts of this sacred temple.
The main market, Chowk Bazaar, is on MC Road roughly 1-km north of the tourist lodge, with the ancient Mahabhairav temple. The Mahabhairav Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is the oldest Shiva shrine in the region. It is located in Tezpur town.
Time to Visit
It is very much auspicious to visit Maha Bhairav temple during the fair which is held here on Shivaratri.
How to reach the Temple
Through Airways – devotees can easily reach Tezpur from any part of the country by air. Guwahati is the city of Assam which is well-connected with all the major cities of India.
Through Railways– the Railhead of Tezpur is easily approachable by train from any part of the country.
Through Road Transport -the city of Tezpur has well-defined road routes connected with all the nearby major cities of the country. The roads of Tezpur are connected to almost all the parts of the north east India.
Eight forms of Bhairav Baba Bhairav Bhajans